A photographer (from the Greek φωτός, ‘light’; γράφος, ‘writer’) is a person whose artistic activity or occupation consists of taking photographs through the use of a camera or other device capable of storing a two-dimensional replica of reality.
Photographers are usually classified based on the subjects in which they have specialized. Some explore the typical themes of paintings: landscapes, still lifes and portraits. Others specialize in subjects such as street photography, documentary photography, fashion photography, wedding photography, war photography, photojournalism, and advertising photography. There are specialties for reasons such as scientific photography or aerial photography.
Photographers for weddings and other celebrations present themselves with their equipment on the date indicated at the venue. Sometimes, they take photographs of the bride and her family at home before the celebration. They then take photographs of the bride and groom and their companions during the event and, after the event, of themselves and the guests asking them to pose for the event in groups. During the dinner, they go around all the tables of the restaurant taking pictures of the guests. Afterwards, they prepare a wedding album which they give to the bride and groom and make it available to the guests to sell them the photos they have taken.
The photojournalist specializes in photographing facts that illustrate the news of a medium, such as a magazine or newspaper. To do this, he or she travels to the right place to take different snapshots. He or she then selects the highest quality and most illustrative ones for publication or sends the negatives to the newsroom to be taken there. Usually, they specialize in a particular news section such as sports, events or politics.
Sports photographers are those who, in addition to having a great knowledge of the sport they cover, have the ability to get the pictures at the right time. Before a competition, the photographer tests and looks for the best angles. In sports photography it is not only a matter of obtaining a good composition but also of capturing the most important moment. As for the equipment, we recommend a high-end or semi-professional digital SLR camera that takes 6 to 10 shots per second and a telephoto lens of 200 to 600 mm with good luminosity.
Paparazzi are photographers who take pictures of celebrities taken carelessly.
The distinction between photography and artistic photojournalism or other types of photography and associated techniques does not eliminate the personal aspect of the work of great photographers.
Photography is also a means of artistic expression, not just a way of recording the world around us, so the artist can also incorporate this tool as a means of expressing his or her inner world.